All Image Formats And Their File Samples



In the world of digital imagery, various image formats have emerged, each designed to cater to specific needs and use cases. Understanding different image formats is crucial for photographers, designers, and anyone working with digital images.

In this blog post, we will explore a selection of popular image formats, including their brief description, developer, MIME type, and common use cases. Additionally, we will provide a file sample for each format to help you visualize their characteristics.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

Description: JPEG is a widely used compressed image format suitable for photographs and complex images. It employs lossy compression, allowing for smaller file sizes while maintaining acceptable image quality.

Developer: Joint Photographic Experts Group

MIME Type: image/jpeg

Use Case: Ideal for digital photography, web images, and any scenario where efficient compression is required without significant loss in visual quality.

File Sample: JPEG Sample

Convert Image To JPEG

PNG (Portable Network Graphics)

Description: PNG is a lossless image format with support for transparency. It uses a compression algorithm that preserves image quality while offering smaller file sizes compared to formats like TIFF.

Developer: PNG Development Group

MIME Type: image/png

Use Case: Commonly used for web graphics, logos, icons, and any scenario where image transparency and high-quality compression are desired.

File Sample: PNG Sample 

Convert Image To PNG

AVIF (AV1 Image File Format)

Description: AVIF is a relatively new image format based on the AV1 video codec, offering advanced compression and high-quality images with smaller file sizes.

Developer: Alliance for Open Media

MIME Type: image/avif

Use Case: Web images, where reduced loading times and high-quality visuals are essential. AVIF is gaining popularity as a successor to older formats like JPEG.

File Sample: AVIF Sample

Convert Image To AVIF


GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)

Description: GIF is a compressed image format that supports animation and a limited color palette. It uses LZW compression, which reduces file size but may result in a loss of image quality.

Developer: CompuServe

MIME Type: image/gif

Use Case: Well-suited for simple animations, graphical elements with a small color palette, and displaying short video clips on the web.

File Sample: GIF Sample

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)

Description: TIFF is a versatile and high-quality image format that supports lossless compression. It can store multiple layers, metadata, and is commonly used in professional settings.

Developer: Adobe Systems

MIME Type: image/tiff

Use Case: Preferred in scenarios where preservation of image quality and extensive post-processing capabilities are essential, such as archival purposes, printing, and professional photography.

File Sample: TIFF Sample

Convert Image To TIFF

BMP (Bitmap)

Description: BMP is a basic uncompressed image format that uses a pixel grid to represent images. It stores color data in each individual pixel, resulting in large file sizes.

Developer: Microsoft

MIME Type: image/bmp

Use Case: Often used in Windows environments and compatible with many image editing programs. Suitable for storing screenshots, icons, and simple graphics.

File Sample: BMP Sample

Convert Image To BMP

SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics)

Description: Vector-based image format using XML to describe shapes, allowing infinite scalability without loss of quality.

Developer: World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

MIME Type: image/svg+xml

Use Case: Icons, logos, graphics on the web, and scenarios requiring resolution-independent images.

File Sample: SVG Sample


Description: Modern image format developed by Google, offering both lossy and lossless compression for smaller file sizes without significant loss in quality.

Developer: Google

MIME Type: image/webp

Use Case: Web images, web animations, and scenarios demanding high-quality compression.

File Sample: WebP Sample

Convert Image To WEBP

HEIF (High-Efficiency Image Format)

Description: Highly efficient image format with superior compression while maintaining high image quality.

Developer: Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)

MIME Type: image/heif

Use Case: Supported on newer devices and platforms, suitable for storing high-quality images with smaller file sizes.

File Sample: HEIF Sample

PSD (Adobe Photoshop Document)

Description: Proprietary file format used by Adobe Photoshop to store layered images, supporting various image editing features.

Developer: Adobe Systems

MIME Type: image/vnd.adobe.photoshop

Use Case: Professional graphic designers and photographers working with layered images and advanced editing techniques.

File Sample: PSD Sample

EPS (Encapsulated PostScript)

Description: Encapsulated PostScript format that contains both raster and vector elements, widely used in printing and graphic design.

Developer: Adobe Systems

MIME Type: image/x-eps

Use Case: Print-ready materials, logos, illustrations, and scenarios requiring high-quality vector graphics.

File Sample: EPS Sample

AI (Adobe Illustrator Artwork)

Description: Proprietary vector graphics file format created by Adobe Illustrator, used for storing editable vector artwork.

Developer: Adobe Systems

MIME Type: application/illustrator

Use Case: Vector illustrations, logos, and artwork requiring scalability and editing capabilities.

File Sample: AI Sample

PDF (Portable Document Format)

Description: Document format that can include images, text, and other elements, widely used for sharing documents across platforms and preserving formatting.

Developer: Adobe Systems

MIME Type: application/pdf

Use Case: Documents, reports, ebooks, and scenarios requiring cross-platform compatibility and consistent layout.

File Sample: PDF Sample

JPEG 2000

Description: Advanced image compression format providing superior quality at various compression levels, suitable for medical imaging and archival purposes.

Developer: Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)

MIME Type: image/jp2

Use Case: Medical imaging, archival storage, and scenarios demanding high-quality compression.

File Sample: JPEG 2000 Sample


Description: High-dynamic-range image format designed for storing and exchanging high-fidelity, high-dynamic-range pixel data.

Developer: Industrial Light & Magic (ILM)

MIME Type: image/x-exr

Use Case: Visual effects, animation, and scenarios requiring extended dynamic range and color accuracy.

File Sample: EXR Sample

ICO (Icon)

Description: Image format specifically designed for icons in Windows environments, supporting multiple image sizes and color depths.

Developer: Microsoft

MIME Type: image/

Use Case: Application icons, website favicons, and scenarios requiring platform-specific icon support.

File Sample: ICO Sample


Description: Image format primarily used on Apple Macintosh computers, supporting both raster and vector graphics.

Developer: Apple

MIME Type: image/pict

Use Case: Mac-specific graphics, printing, and older Macintosh-compatible software.

File Sample: PICT Sample

TGA (Targa)

Description: Raster graphics file format often used for video games and computer animations, supporting various color depths and alpha channels.

Developer: Truevision

MIME Type: image/x-targa

Use Case: Video game textures, animations, and scenarios requiring flexibility in color depth and alpha channels.

File Sample: TGA Sample

HDR (High Dynamic Range Image)

Description: Image format capturing a wider dynamic range of luminosity levels, allowing for greater detail in both dark and bright areas.

Developer: Various

MIME Type: image/vnd.radiance

Use Case: Photography, computer graphics, and scenarios requiring accurate representation of high contrast scenes.

File Sample: HDR Sample

PCX (PCX Image)

Description: Legacy raster image format originally developed for early PC graphics, supporting 8-bit color depth and lossless compression.

Developer: ZSoft Corporation

MIME Type: image/x-pcx

Use Case: Legacy graphics applications, older computer systems, and scenarios requiring lossless compression.

File Sample: PCX Sample

PPM (Portable Pixmap)

Description: Pixmap format storing pixel data in either grayscale or RGB format, commonly used for simple image manipulation tasks.

Developer: Various

MIME Type: image/x-portable-pixmap

Use Case: Simple image processing, academic use, and scenarios requiring a straightforward pixel representation.

File Sample: PPM Sample

XCF (GIMP Image)

Description: Native file format of the GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program), storing layers, channels, paths, and other image editing data.

Developer: The GIMP Development Team

MIME Type: image/x-xcf

Use Case: Working files for GIMP users, storing layers, and advanced editing information.

File Sample: XCF Sample

WMF (Windows Metafile)

Description: Graphic file format containing vector graphics used for Microsoft Windows applications, supporting both vector and bitmap elements.

Developer: Microsoft

MIME Type: image/wmf

Use Case: Legacy Windows applications, clipart, and scenarios requiring vector-based graphics in Windows environments.

File Sample: WMF Sample

EMF (Enhanced Metafile)

Description: 32-bit version of the Windows Metafile format, supporting additional features such as gradients, rotated text, and improved scaling.

Developer: Microsoft

MIME Type: image/emf

Use Case: Modern Windows applications, diagrams, and scenarios requiring enhanced vector-based graphics.

File Sample: EMF Sample

DNG (Digital Negative)

Description: Raw image format developed by Adobe for digital photography, aiming to provide a standardized format for camera raw files.

Developer: Adobe Systems

MIME Type: image/x-adobe-dng

Use Case: Raw image files, archival storage, and scenarios requiring compatibility across different camera models.

File Sample: DNG Sample

DDS (DirectDraw Surface)

Description: Format primarily used in computer games to store textures and environment maps, supporting various compression formats and mipmaps.

Developer: Microsoft

MIME Type: image/

Use Case: Computer games, real-time rendering, and scenarios requiring optimized texture storage.

File Sample: DDS Sample

CDR (CorelDRAW Image)

Description: Proprietary vector graphics format created by CorelDRAW, storing editable vector artwork and supporting advanced editing features.

Developer: Corel Corporation

MIME Type: application/cdr

Use Case: Vector illustrations, logos, and artwork created with CorelDRAW software.

File Sample: CDR Sample

NEF (Nikon Electronic Format)

Description: Raw image format specific to Nikon cameras, preserving maximum image information for extensive post-processing.

Developer: Nikon

MIME Type: image/x-nikon-nef

Use Case: Raw image files from Nikon cameras, professional photography, and enthusiasts requiring complete control over the editing process.

File Sample: NEF Sample

ORF (Olympus Raw Format)

Description: Raw image format specific to Olympus cameras, storing minimally processed image data for post-processing flexibility.

Developer: Olympus

MIME Type: image/x-olympus-orf

Use Case: Raw image files from Olympus cameras, professional photography, and enthusiasts requiring post-processing capabilities.

File Sample: ORF Sample

WBMP (Wireless Bitmap)

Description: WBMP is a bitmap image format optimized for mobile devices with limited bandwidth and display capabilities.

Developer: WAP Forum (Wireless Application Protocol Forum)

MIME Type: image/vnd.wap.wbmp

Use Case: Mobile devices with limited resources and bandwidth, such as early mobile phones and feature phones.

File Sample: WBMP Sample

JFIF (JPEG File Interchange Format)

Description: JFIF is a common file format used for exchanging JPEG-compressed images between different applications and systems. It defines specific parameters for storing JPEG data and is widely supported.

Developer: Independent

MIME Type: image/jpeg

Use Case: Sharing JPEG images across various platforms and applications, ensuring compatibility and consistent interpretation of JPEG data.

File Sample: JFIF Sample

Convert JFIF Image


This overview of image formats provides a glimpse into the diverse landscape of digital imagery. Each format serves specific purposes, catering to different requirements such as compression, transparency, vector graphics, animation, or high-quality preservation.

By understanding the characteristics and common use cases of these formats, you can make informed decisions when working with digital images, ensuring optimal quality, compatibility, and efficiency in your projects.

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